The purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), colloquially known simply as mangosteen, is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas of Indonesia. It grows mainly in Southeast Asia, southwest India and other tropical areas such as Puerto Rico and Florida, where the tree has been introduced.
The tree grows from 6 to 25 m (19.7 to 82.0 ft) tall. The fruit of the mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles (like the flesh of citrus fruits), with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind (exocarp) when ripe. In each fruit, the fragrant edible flesh that surrounds each seed is botanically endocarp, i.e., the inner layer of the ovary. Seeds are almond-shaped and sized.
Mangosteen extract xanthones antioxidant: Mangostin is the inhibitor of oxidation of LDL, which have major role in cardio-vascular and related chronic diseases.
Mangosteen extract xanthones anti-allergies and inflammations: γ- mangostin was identified to inhibit COX, as their inhibition reduces inflammations, pains and fevers.
Mangosteen extract xanthones antivirus and anti-bacteria: the polysaccharides in the extract form can stimulate phagocytic cells to kill intracellular bacteria.
Mangosteen extract xanthones anticancer: Mangostin has been revealed to inhibit topoisomerase, which is essential for cell division in cancer cells, also could selectively induce cell apoptosis and inhibit cell division.
Mangosteen extract xanthones applied in food field, it is often made into juice or other drinks in the market.
Mangosteen extract xanthones applied in health product and pharmaceutical field, it is widely used to prevent and treat various disease.
Mangosteen extract xanthones applied in cosmetic field, it is widely used in the skin care products.